WASHINGTON — Michael Dunn’s conviction of attempted murder – but not actual murder – in the shooting death of black teenager Jordan Davis prompted the creation of hashtag #dangerousblackkids on Twitter. Users posted photos of black babies and toddlers, spoofing the fear that Dunn testified he felt before opening fire on a car full of teens at a convenience store.
That was the calling card of Black Twitter, a small corner of the social media giant where an unabashedly black spin on life gets served up 140 characters at a time.
Black Twitter holds court on pretty much everything from President Barack Obama to the latest TV reality show antics. But Black Twitter can also turn activist quickly. When it does, things happen – like the cancellation of a book deal for a juror in the George Zimmerman trial, or the demise of Zimmerman’s subsequent attempt to star at celebrity boxing.
Catchy hashtags give clues that the tweeting in question is a Black Twitter thing.
“It’s kind of like the black table in the lunchroom, sort of, where people with like interests and experiences, and ways of talking and communication, lump together and talk among themselves,” said Tracy Clayton, a blogger and editor at Buzzfeed known on Twitter as @brokeymcpoverty.
“Black Twitter brings the fullness of black humanity into the social network and that is why it has become so fascinating,” said Kimberly C. Ellis, who has a doctorate in American and Africana Studies, tweets as @drgoddess and is studying Black Twitter for her upcoming book, “The Bombastic Brilliance of Black Twitter.”
According to a Pew Research Center report, despite fewer blacks being on the Internet than whites – 80 percent and 87 percent, respectively – more blacks uses Twitter: 22 percent of those blacks who were online used Twitter in 2013, compared with 16 percent of online whites.
Meredith Clark, a doctoral candidate at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill who is writing her dissertation on Black Twitter, likened it to “Freedom’s Journal,” the first African-American newspaper in the United States. On that publication’s first front page in 1827, it declared: “We wish to plead our own cause. Too long have others spoken for us.”
“If you are from a particularly marginalized community or one where others have spoken for you, but you have not had the agency to really speak for yourself or make your truth known, then it is absolutely necessary that in any instance you can take on that agency that you do so,” said Clark, who tweets from (at)meredithclark. “And so that is what you see happening in Black Twitter.”
Mainstream U.S. media first took serious notice of Black Twitter last year, when it abruptly rose up to scuttle a book deal for a juror in the trial of Zimmerman, who was acquitted of murder in the death of Trayvon Martin. That was the first time that blacks used Twitter “in a very powerful and political way,” said Houston black social media consultant Crystal Washington.
Most recently, Black Twitter reared its head through hashtags like #stopthefight, to protest a proposed celebrity boxing match supposedly between Zimmerman and rapper DMX. The promoter quickly canceled after a flood of Twitter complaints.
Such death-by-Twitter activism could very well be the harbinger of a new civil rights strategy, Ellis said. She noted that a short amount of time elapsed between the moment Black Twitter noticed the juror’s book deal and the moment it was called off. The same was true of the Zimmerman boxing match.
“Ask the NAACP how long it would have taken had that been one of their initiatives,” Ellis said.
The NAACP employed the hashtag #TooMuchDoubt for its unsuccessful attempt to halt the execution of Georgia death row inmate Troy Davis, and the hashtag (hash)OscarGrant on tweets about its activism over the police killing of Oscar Grant, whose life was later documented in the movie Fruitvale Station.
“We realized more than anyone that we had to go in that direction and we’ve done it,” NAACP interim President Lorraine Miller said of the NAACP’s social media use during a recent appearance on C-SPAN’s “Newsmakers” program.
Black Twitter arguably had its biggest field day last year with embattled celebrity cook Paula Deen, whose admission that she used racial slurs in the past inspired the #paulasbestdishes hashtag, featuring recipe titles such as “Massa-Roni and Cheese” and “We Shall Over-Crumb Cake.”
Washington said Black Twitter’s playful take on the Deen controversy may have been a dry run to the Zimmerman juror takedown.
“I’m not sure that Twitter users, especially African-Americans, would have zeroed in on the juror’s book deal had it not been for the aftermath of #paulasbestdishes just weeks before,” Washington said.
Black Twitter is not only political commentary.
“Can’t really explain #BlackTwitter other than 2 say, it’s one big barbershop/beautysalon with a mix of church & the black table at HS lunch,” tweeted blogger and actress Reagan Gomez.
What’s next for Black Twitter? No one is sure, although Clayton argues that it’s not likely to vanish as soon as mainstream America finds something else to obsess over.
“I don’t think we can know what’s next for Black Twitter any more than we can know what’s next for black people,” Clayton said. “We’ll just go with it, roll with it and see what the trends of the day are. It’s a crazy ride and we’re all on it together.”